Shares on Loan
Shares on loan, also known as stock loan or securities lending, refer to the process of temporarily transferring ownership of shares from a shareholder (lender) to a borrower, usually a financial institution, in exchange for a fee or other consideration.
The main purpose of shares on loan is to allow short sellers to borrow shares in order to sell them in the market and profit from the decline in the share price. Short selling involves selling borrowed shares in the expectation that their price will fall, and then buying them back at a lower price to return to the lender, thereby making a profit. Shares on loan can also be used for other purposes, such as covering settlement failures, providing liquidity, or facilitating arbitrage opportunities.
The process of shares on loan typically involves a securities lending agreement between the lender and the borrower, which outlines the terms and conditions of the loan, including the duration of the loan, the interest rate or fee to be paid by the borrower, and the collateral or other security provided by the borrower to protect the lender against the risk of default.
The lender retains the right to receive any dividends or other corporate actions that occur during the term of the loan, and has the ability to recall the shares at any time, subject to the terms of the agreement. The borrower is responsible for returning the shares to the lender at the end of the loan period, and may be required to pay additional fees or interest if the shares are not returned on time.
Overall, shares on loan play an important role in the functioning of financial markets, by providing liquidity, facilitating short selling, and helping to manage risk. However, there are also potential risks associated with shares on loan, including counterparty risk, market risk, and regulatory risk, which should be carefully managed and monitored by all parties involved in the process.