A bailout is a financial rescue operation in which a government or financial institution provides assistance, typically in the form of capital, funds, or guarantees, to support a failing company or sector facing economic distress or insolvency. The goal of a bailout is to prevent a financial crisis, stabilize the affected entity, and safeguard the broader economy. Bailouts can take various forms, including direct financial aid, loan guarantees, or equity investments. They are often controversial and subject to debate, as they involve the allocation of public funds and can impact the market and economic stability.